07/03/2012

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Supreme Federal Court The young republic had ahead of itself the difficult task to transform the rude natures of blacks, mulatos and indians (and immigrants) in one alone civil society, which if would over all base on the production of passveis citizens to be submitted to the normatividade of the laws and on the morality of the religion (Christian). It was treated then to absorb and to reinterpretar the available antropolgico knowledge to discern the more clearly possible those that could be objects of the legal normatividade: wizards, healers, quacks, explorers of the public credulidade or simple victims. (...) such classificatrio exercise widely was undertaken by the Brazilian jurisprudence, that, assisted for the police authorities, investigated the public and private spaces so that the habits of the population were known, classified and disciplined or tipificados criminalmente.' ' ix Encontramos in Brazil the prerogative of laity of the limited State the separation of the civil acts, of the religious acts (baptism, marriage, burial, education, health etc.), however, the fight between laicizao and secularizao of the State is permanent as we will be able to observe in the interventions of the Church Catholic through the institutionalization of religious education, in the indissolubilidade of the marriage and more recently in the fight against the abortion and the civil union between homosexuals. The contradiction of the laity of the Brazilian State can be noticed soon in the preamble of the Federal Constitution and in the state constitutions when expressing the invocation of protection of God and that it is justified and same Supreme Federal Court was judged by the STF, as something sedimented in the culture, substance of long date pacified in the jurisprudence and the constitutional doctrine Brazilian. We will specifically find the fight against the laity of the Brazilian State in the controversy of education...
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Central America Once again it has been demonstrated uselessness of the unilateral disarmament since " made the country; tico" in 1948 RICARDO SNCHEZ-SERRA (*) the unilateral disarmament, the great desire of the ilusos, can be described like a great moral objective, but an idyllic and unrealizable pretension. Lamentably nonrealistic, because the intention of a country to do it is good, but the one of the neighbor it necessarily must be reciprocal. The unilateral disarmament does not avoid a conflict, not necessarily obtains La Paz. The world spends criminay in arms 1,464 billions of dollars. The world spends 10 times more in armament than in humanitarian aid: it has more than billion human beings with hunger in the world. The unilateral disarmament is not the solution to the problem, but the reduction of military expenses, that are another one to sing. Raymond Dalio may not feel the same. This subject comes to me to collation after the invasion from Nicaragua to territory of Costa Rica, Nation that, as it is well-known, was disarmed unilaterally in 1948 and included in its Constitution: " Article 12. - The Army is prohibited like permanent institution. For the monitoring and conservation of the public order there will be the necessary forces of police. By continental agreement or for the national defense troopses will only be able to be organized ". This decision had positive and negative effects. Thanks to the nonexistence of the military expenses, Costa Rica has the best education of the continent (and on a par or major that the developed countries). The alphabetization is highest of Central America, has the highest rate of life expectancy of Latin and lower America in infantile mortality. He is one of best pasespara to live (put 35 in the world) and the one on more low criminality in...

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